Attributes of God: What Are His Defining Characteristics?

Discover the oneness, eternal nature, omniscience, omnipotence, omnipresence, immutability, holiness, justice, love, grace, faithfulness, self-existence, and relationship of God with creation.

Understanding the Divine Qualities

Exploring the multitude of divine attributes sheds light on the vastness and depth of God’s character, from His eternal existence to His powerful presence in all of creation.

The Oneness of God

The concept of God’s oneness encompasses more than just numerical singularity; it represents the unique and unified nature of God.

Deuteronomy 6:4 affirms this, declaring, “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.”

Eternal Nature of God

God’s eternity means He transcends time and has no beginning or end.

Scripture captures this truth in Psalm 90:2: “Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the whole world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God.”

God’s Omniscience

Omniscience refers to God’s all-knowing nature, deeply aware of past, present, and future. Psalm 139:1-4 illustrates God’s intimate knowledge of every individual.

God’s Omnipotence and Sovereignty

God is omnipotent and sovereign; He wields unlimited power and governs over all things.

Luke 1:37 encapsulates His might, “For nothing will be impossible with God.”

God’s Omnipresence

God’s omnipresence means He is present everywhere. Jeremiah 23:23-24 asks rhetorically, “Am I only a God nearby,” says the Lord, “and not a God far away?”

The Immutability of God

Immutability is the attribute whereby God is unchanging.

The steadfastness of God is celebrated in Malachi 3:6: “I the LORD do not change.”

The Holiness of God

God’s holiness is His perfect purity, set apart from sin.

This resounding truth is proclaimed in Isaiah 6:3, where seraphim cry, “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord Almighty.”

Divine Justice and Righteousness

God is intrinsically just and righteous, always acting in alignment with His moral law.

God’s justice ensures that He judges fairly, as seen in Psalms 9:7-8.

God’s Love and Grace

Central to God’s nature are His love and grace.

Demonstrated supremely through Christ’s sacrifice, 1 John 4:8 says, “Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love.”

God’s Faithfulness

God’s faithfulness means He is completely reliable and true to His word.

This provides confidence and trust, affirmed by Lamentations 3:22-23.

The Self-Existence of God

The self-existence of God (also known as aseity) means He is the uncaused Creator, existing by His own power. John 1:3 points to God’s role as Creator, “Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.”

God’s Relationship with Creation

God’s relationship with creation is interactive and personal, desires intimacy with the creatures made in His image and has ongoing plans for the redemption and restoration of creation following the fall.